Subsistence in Hawaiian Culture

1 05 2011

‘Aina is that the Hawaiians called the land, it means “that which feeds.” They relied heavily on the land and the sea to provide for them. They did not amass surpluses instead they traded only to sustain life. They produced only enough to support themselves,for their ceremonial obligation, and to meet the needs of their chiefs. Hawaiians honed their skills, some were farmers, others were house builders, fishermen, or tended the ancient fish ponds, or planning irrigation systems. They shared their skills and believed in working together in families and community projects.

They used the abundant resources of the gods provided to sustain themselves and as offerings to appease the gods.





Kamehameha the Great: What was his full Hawaiian Name?

1 02 2011

Portrait of King Kamehameha the Great
Kamehameha the Great’s full Hawaiian name?

Kalani Paiʻea Wohi o Kaleikini Kealiʻikui Kamehameha o ʻIolani i Kaiwikapu kaui Ka Liholiho Kūnuiākea.





Hawaiian Words: It’s all Relative

10 01 2011

Another Kona Sunset

`anakala uncle
`anake aunt
hoahanau cousin
kaikamahine daughter
kupunakane grandfather
kupunawahine grandmother
kupuna grandparent
makua parent
makuahine mother
makuakane father
mo`opuna grandchild





Hawaiian State Motto

20 09 2010

Ua Mau ke ea o ka aina I ka pono

The life of the land is perpetuated in righteousness…





Hawaiian Language Hints for the Beginner

10 07 2010

Shoreline up on the Kohala Coast

The 5 vowels a,e,i,o and u as well as the 7 consonants h,k,l,m,n,p, and w make up the entire Hawaiian alphabet.

In the Hawaiian language a consonant is always followed by a vowel which also means all Hawaiian words end in a vowel.

Names and words are more easily pronounced when they are broken down into single syllable chunks. Take the name of Hawaii’s state fish, humuhumunukunukuapua’a, and pronounce it hu-mu-hu-mu-nu-ku-nu-ku-a-pu-a-a. Phonetically pronounced who-moo-who-moo-new-coo-new-coo-ah-poo-ah-ah.

Sometimes the letter W is pronounced the same as V as in the traditional pronunciation of Hawai’i which is phonetically pronounced huh-vi-ee rather than huh-why-ee.

Stressed vowels
a – ah, as in car: aloha
e – a, as in may: nene
i – ee, as in bee: honi
o – oh, as in so: mahalo
u – oo, as in spoon: kapu

Unstressed vowels
a – a, as in about: ali`i
e – eh, as in met: kane





Big Island Place Names and Their Meaning

12 06 2010

northwest, in Kohala

Many people pass through the Big Island and never bother to think what the meaning of the town names in Hawaiian.

Here is a small sampling of a few of the more common place names on the Big Island and their Hawaiian meanings:

Hilo– First night of the Hawaiian moon calendar, new moon
Honoka’a– Rolling Bay
Kailua– Two Ocean Currents
Kilauea-Spewing Volcanic Eruption
Puna– Spring of water
Waimea– Reddish Water





Hawaiian Language: Loving Words

5 06 2010

Ho’i Hou Ke Aloha – Let us fall in love all over again
Hokeo – To secretly love
Ia Iho Ke Aloha – To my love
Ka Honi Mai Me Ke Aloha – And with love is a kiss
Ke Aloha – Beloved
Kipona Aloha – Deep love
Mea Aloha – Loved one
Me Ke Aloha Pumehana – With the warmth of my love





Learning Hawaiian Words: Holoku

1 04 2010

Holoku is a long Hawaiian dress usually with a yoke.

This loose fitting dress, now considered historical fashion, with a high neck and long-sleeves was first introduced by missionaries to cover as much skin as possible. The loose fitting cotton makes them cool in the warm climate and always cheery.





Learning Hawaiian Words

1 03 2010

KAMAAINA
Native born, local person, meaning “child of the land” born or raised in Hawaii.

MALIHINI
A newcomer, tenderfoot or recent arrival

AKAMAI
Someone who is very smart or skilled

KOLOHE
Rascal or trouble maker





Learning Hawaiian Words: Three Words Easily Confused

1 02 2010

PUA’A
Pork or pig

PAU
This is a common expression you will hear to mean ended, finished, destroyed, or done.

PUA
A flower, a blossom, sometimes confused with the word Pua’a that means pork





Learning Hawaiian Words

2 01 2010

green pathway after the rains near Mahukona

ALEHELE
Trail, pathway

HUKIHUKI
Quarrel or disagreement

ALU
To cooperate or work together





Hawaiian Sayings

2 10 2009
Royal Hawaiian Feather Cape

Royal Hawaiian Feather Cape

Ho`ola`i na manu i ke aheahe.

The birds poise quietly in the gentle breezes.





Hawaiian Wisdom

2 09 2009

Ua ola loko i ke aloha.

Love gives life within





Motto of Hawaii

2 08 2009

Ua mau ke ea o ka `aina i ka pono.

The life of the land is preserved in righteousness

early map of the islands

early map of the islands





Hawaiian Wisdom

27 05 2009

Big Island lava

Ua ola no i ka pane a ke aloha.

There is life in a kindly reply