Queen Lydia Liliuokalani

28 01 2015

`Onipa`a.

Stand firm.

Motto of Queen Lili`uokalani.

(September 2, 1838 – November 11, 1917)

Queen Liliuokalani was the last reigning monarch of the Hawaiian Islands.

She was born in Honolulu to high chief Kapaakea and the chiefess Keohokalole, the third of ten children. Liliuokalani was adopted at birth by Abner Paki and his wife Konia. At age 4, her adoptive parents enrolled her in the Royal School. There she became fluent in English and was influenced by Congregational missionaries. She also became part of the royal circle attending Kamehameha IV and Queen Emma.

Liliuokalani married a ha’ole, John Owen Dominis on September 16, 1862. Dominis served the monarchy as the Governor of O’ahu and Maui.

Upon the death of her brother, King Kalakauam Liliuokalani ascended the throne of Hawaii in January 1891.

One of her first acts was to recommend a new Hawaii constitution, as the “Bayonet Constitution” of 1887 limited the power of the monarch and political power of native Hawaiians. In 1893, Queen Liliuokalani sought to empower herself and Hawaiians through a new constitution. A group led by Sanford B. Dole sought to overthrow the institution of the monarchy. The American minister in Hawaii, John L. Stevens, called for troops to take control of Iolani Palace and various other governmental buildings. In 1894, the Queen, was deposed, the monarchy abrogated, and a provisional government was established which later became the Republic of Hawaii.

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Quotations in Hawaiian: King Liholiho’s words

25 02 2012

IMG_4189

NA WAI HO’I KA ‘OLE O KE AKAMAI,
HE ALANUI MA’A I KA HELE ‘IA E O’U MAU MĀKUA?

This is what King Liloliho said when someone applauded his wisdom.

It means roughly “Why shouldn’t I know, when it is a road often traveled by my parents?”





The Monarchs of Hawaii: After the Kamehamehas

20 06 2011

King Lunalilo

William C. Lunalilo lived from 1835-1874 and ruled from 1873-1874
born William Charles Lunalilo, he was the shortest serving monarch

King Kalakaua

David Kalakaua lived from 1836-1891 and ruled from 1874-1891
born David Laʻamea Kamanakapuʻu Mahinulani Nalaiaehuokalani Lumialani Kalākaua

Queen Liliuokalani

Lydia Lili’uokalani lived from 1838-1917 and ruled from 1838-1917
born Lydia Kamakaʻeha Kaola Maliʻi Liliʻuokalani She was also known as Lydia Kamakaʻeha Pākī, with the chosen royal name of Liliʻuokalani

Lili’uokalani was deposed and the Hawaiian Kingdome came to an end on January 17, 1893

The Queen’s Royal Monogram





The Monarchs of Hawaii: Keeping Track of the Kamehameha Kings

30 05 2011

Kamehameha I

Kamehameha I lived from 1758-1819 and ruled the Kingdom of Hawaii from 1795- 1819.
Kamehameha’s full Hawaiian name is Kalani Paiʻea Wohi o Kaleikini Kealiʻikui Kamehameha o ʻIolani i Kaiwikapu kaui Ka Liholiho Kūnuiākea.

Kamehameha II

Kamehameha II lived from 1797-1824 and ruled from 1819-1824
His birth name was Liholiho and full name was Kalaninui kua Liholiho i ke kapu ʻIolani. It was lengthened to Kalani Kaleiʻaimoku o Kaiwikapu o Laʻamea i Kauikawekiu Ahilapalapa Kealiʻi Kauinamoku o Kahekili Kalaninui i Mamao ʻIolani i Ka Liholiho when he took the throne.

Kamehameha III

Kamehameha III lived from 1814-1854 and ruled from 1825-1854

His full Hawaiian name was Keaweaweʻula Kiwalaʻo Kauikeaouli Kaleiopapa and then lengthened to Keaweaweʻula Kiwalaʻo Kauikeaouli Kaleiopapa Kalani Waiakua Kalanikau Iokikilo Kiwalaʻo i ke kapu Kamehameha when he ascended the throne.

Kamehameha IV

Kamehameha IV lived from 1834-1863 and ruled from 1854-1863
born Alexander ʻIolani Liholiho Keawenui

Kamehameha V

Kamehameha V lived from 1830-1872 and ruled from 1863-1872
born as Lot Kapuāiwa his full Hawaiian name prior to his succession was Lota Liholiho Kapuāiwa Kalanimakua Kalanikupuapaikalaninui Aliʻiolani Kalani-a-Kekūanaōʻa





Hawaiian Gods: Lono

20 04 2011

The Hawaiian God Lono is associated with fertility, agriculture, rainfall, music, peace, keeper of the sacred fire. He is one of the most beloved Hawaiian Gods and who was said to have descended to earth on a rainbow to marry Laka. Householders often made offers to Lono as did farmers who dedicated their first harvests to him. In his honor, the great annual festival of the Makahiki was held.

In the days of Kamehameha the Lono order of priests set up heiaus to pray for rain, abundant crops, or to escape from sickness or trouble.





King Kamehameha I

1 03 2011

Kamehameha the Great statue in Honololu

Most often referred to as, Kamehameha the Great, Kamehameha had a great intellect and was able to unite the warring Hawaiian Islands during his reign. He was able to use both warfare and diplomacy, using foreign advisors and foreign weaponry to his advantage. He always listened to the advice of diviners, orators, kahunas and men of skill.

He ruled from 1795 to 1819 as an absolute monarch. He appointed representatives from each island that he called governors and brought to the island public order and peace. This is why he was referred to as an uniter of the highest order and still revered in the hearts of all Hawaiians.





Kamehameha the Great: What was his full Hawaiian Name?

1 02 2011

Portrait of King Kamehameha the Great
Kamehameha the Great’s full Hawaiian name?

Kalani Paiʻea Wohi o Kaleikini Kealiʻikui Kamehameha o ʻIolani i Kaiwikapu kaui Ka Liholiho Kūnuiākea.